August 10, 2022

Gabrielle G. McCall | McClatchy

When Florida Energy & Gentle confronted a spate of dangerous publicity and political blowback, a small however formidable information web site known as the Capitolist sprang to the general public utility’s protection.

Taking purpose at foes of FPL’s proposed charge hikes and controversial makes an attempt to purchase Jacksonville’s public utility, the Capitolist savaged the critics, impugning their motives and suggesting they had been a part of “darkish cash” schemes.

“Paperwork recommend Florida’s largest corporations are secretly sabotaging effort to guard energy strains from hurricane injury,” declared the headline of 1 such article from 2019.

Behind the scenes, FPL executives had been back-slapping.

Unbeknownst to readers, the article — which promoted laws to reimburse the multibillion-dollar utility for undergrounding energy strains — wasn’t revealed just because the Capitolist was staunchly conservative and pro-business as editor Brian Burgess had proudly introduced when he based the publication in 2016.

The article was written after the FPL president and CEO, Eric Silagy, made clear he wished it. And, because it occurred, Silagy was secretly working issues on the Capitolist.

Whereas portraying itself as a feisty impartial outlet, the Capitolist — which goals its content material instantly at Tallahassee resolution makers — was bankrolled and managed by executives of the facility firm by means of a small group of trusted intermediaries from an Alabama consulting agency, based on an investigation by the Miami Herald, primarily based on a large leak of paperwork.

The inner communications, contracts and monetary data present how a workforce of elite communications consultants consulting for FPL plucked the Capitolist from obscurity and used it as a part of an elaborate, off-the-books political technique to advocate for charge hikes, agitate for legislative favors, slam political opponents and get rid of something — even dwelling photo voltaic panels — that the publicly traded utility fearful would possibly undermine its close to monopoly on promoting energy within the Sunshine State.

On Thursday, Oct. 18, 2018, FPL President and CEO Eric Silagy shakes the hand of then-Miami-Dade Mayor Carlos Gimenez as he prepares to offer his remarks at FPL’s new 465-acre Miami-Dade Photo voltaic Power Middle. Carl Juste [email protected]

By no means was it revealed that the Capitolist was really a megaphone for FPL.

The data, together with current reporting by the Orlando Sentinel and Florida Instances-Union on FPL establishing secret daisy chains of nonprofits to funnel cash to candidates and rent non-public investigators to tail reporters, spotlight the extremes to which FPL will go to play kingmaker in Florida.

A whole lot of hundreds of {dollars} in working bills — together with Burgess’ $12,000-per-month paycheck — had been funneled into the Capitolist by means of a community of shell corporations backed by FPL, monetary data and inside communications dated as early as January 2018 present.

Articles had been pre-screened by a bunch of personal communications consultants consulting for FPL — a bunch Burgess as soon as referred to in an e-mail as “the entire Ed Board.”

Textual content messages and emails present how FPL executives maneuvered behind the scenes on the Capitolist to settle scores and bend the need of regulators, politicians and the general public.

Leaked paperwork included screenshots of messages between Daniel Martell, vp of legislative affairs for FPL, and then-Matrix advisor Abigail MacIver, displaying how executives of the facility firm suggested operations on the Capitolist by means of intermediaries like MacIver.

Simply three days earlier than the 2018 election, the vp of state legislative affairs at FPL, Daniel Martell, ordered successful piece concerning the Democratic candidate for governor, Andrew Gillum, who was working neck and neck with Ron DeSantis.

In a textual content to the consultants, the FPL government stated he wished a narrative that Gillum had uncared for his mayoral obligations, proposing the next narrative: “Because the major xxx shootings have occurred in Tallahassee.”

Lower than three hours later, the Capitolist had a narrative up. The second sentence known as out “against the law wave of murders, robberies and shootings in Tallahassee…”

“Promote the @&;$&!!! Out of this,” Martell ordered.

Every day’s information additionally introduced extra refined alternatives.

Cellphone outages after a hurricane within the Panhandle supplied a gap for the Capitolist to focus on “another very pointed cause to not decontrol,” based on a written suggestion from FPL executives to one of many consultants. FPL favors laws that maintain competitors out of the market.

The Capitolist ran with it, publishing a narrative the next week headlined: “Are you able to hear me now? Verizon hurricane troubles underscore hazard of deregulating energy corporations.”


What the Capitolist offered was more practical than conventional PR, but it surely was tough enterprise, Burgess stated in a 2020 e-mail to his FPL-backed boss, “as a result of ‘media’ is meant to be ‘goal’ and pay to play is ‘icky’ to the bigger firms. They undoubtedly don’t need it recognized they had been engaged in that type of conduct.”

The worth got here from FPL’s skill to make use of the Capitolist to form the narrative by means of information protection with out anybody realizing who was behind the messaging.

So, Burgess concluded, it was necessary to seem like “we’re legit.”

Whereas most information organizations have some company sponsors, what makes the Capitolist uncommon is the extent of editorial management wielded by FPL and the lengths to which the publication went to cowl it up, stated Stephen Ward, founding father of the Middle for Journalism Ethics on the College of Wisconsin-Madison.

“It’s not simply media ethics right here. It’s plain outdated morality. You’re simply plain outdated mendacity to folks,” Ward stated after the Herald shared a number of the contents of the leak. “All these emails are saying ‘how will we dupe these folks into believing us?’ ”

Finger Pointing_fitted.png
This Capitolist story favorable to FPL was despatched to Eric Silagy, CEO and president of FPL, and Daniel. Martell, VP of state legislative affairs. Silagy responded: “Good article.”

The plan to surreptitiously take over the Capitolist centered on Matrix, a Montgomery-based political consulting agency that employed the intermediaries between FPL executives and the Capitolist. These intermediaries, led by then-CEO Jeff Pitts, established a tangle of shell corporations that obscured operations it ran for FPL and others.

Monetary data present not less than three of them hid the facility firm’s involvement within the Capitolist. There was Metis Group, which a ledger reveals funneled FPL cash to the publication beginning in 2018, and SUN Advertising & Promoting, which was funded by an FPL wire switch and paid the wage of Tim Fizpatrick, a former FPL government introduced in by Matrix to handle Burgess and oversee the operation.

A 3rd firm, Imaginative and prescient Perception Holdings, was included in August 2020 “to function media properties that concentrate on telling tales fully and pretty,” based on an inside technique report. Its 2021 precedence was the Capitolist, to which Imaginative and prescient Perception paid $200,000 that 12 months, financial institution statements present.

When introduced with the Herald’s reporting, Burgess and representatives for FPL offered statements to the Herald however refused to reply particular questions.

“Whereas it could be completely authorized, FPL doesn’t have an possession curiosity within the Capitolist — both instantly or not directly,” FPL spokesperson Chris McGrath stated in an announcement to the Herald. “We additionally would not have editorial management over what the Capitolist writes or publishes.”

When introduced with copies of the paperwork, McGrath prompt some had been “doctored” however refused to say which. Burgess additionally stated the data contained “basic errors or omissions that paint a wildly inaccurate image of the Capitolist and its operations,” once more with out offering specifics.

Information leaked from contained in the Matrix political consulting agency present plans to make use of a shell firm known as SUN Advertising & Promoting to funnel cash to 501(c)(4) nonprofits. Paperwork present the corporate was used to pay Tim Fitzpatrick, a former FPL government who took over operations on the Capitolist.

The practically 500 paperwork leaked anonymously to the Herald look like from a hard-drive at Matrix, which confirmed the authenticity of the data. The place potential, the Herald cross-referenced them with different publicly out there paperwork.

Matrix proprietor Joe Perkins stated he was unaware of his former workers’ work with the Capitolist till after Pitts and his workforce left to start out a competing communications agency, Cover Companions, on the finish of 2020.

“Matrix was not concerned in any manner in any respect with the acquisition or operation of the Capitolist,” stated Perkins, who’s suing his former workers in Alabama. Pitts, in flip, is suing Perkins in Florida for defamation, alleging his former employer threatened to leak paperwork to wreck his popularity and hurt his enterprise.

John Collins, a consultant for Pitts and Cover Companions, declined to reply questions, however stated the paperwork had been “manufactured and selectively-edited” and “unverifiable.” He didn’t reply to requests for specifics.

From left to proper: Daniel Martell, vp of state legislative affairs for FPL; Brian Burgess, Capitolist editor; and former FPL government Tim Fitzpatrick.

In his assertion to the Herald, Burgess stated he had by no means “met, corresponded with, spoken to, nor do I’ve any relationship in any way with the FPL executives you talked about.”

“I’ve by no means pitched nor solicited suggestions from FPL executives on any story or enterprise enterprise. I’ve by no means obtained a narrative pitch from any FPL government outdoors of typical company press releases despatched to all media retailers, together with the Miami Herald,” stated Burgess, who data present solely communicated with FPL’s intermediaries.

The paperwork obtained by the Herald included an unsigned draft of a confidentiality settlement that, if signed, would forestall Burgess from speaking about his work with FPL’s contracted consultants.

Previous associates

As soon as the spokesperson for Gov. Rick Scott, Burgess based the Capitolist after being proven the door of the governor’s workplace following a PR fiasco involving a rescue canine named Reagan.

Scott had adopted the Labrador in a present for cameras whereas on the marketing campaign path — after which quietly returned the canine with out telling anybody after profitable the election.

When a reporter on the Tampa Bay Instances began asking questions on what had occurred to Reagan, Burgess offered no solutions, prompting the ire of animal lovers throughout the state.

The spokesperson broke his silence solely after being requested if the beloved animal had been killed. Burgess nonetheless didn’t say what occurred however responded with an e-mail acknowledging “the potential for a PR nightmare if the Tampa Bay Instances doesn’t obtain a photograph of Reagan subsequent to at the moment’s copy of the Tampa Bay Instances.”

Ultimately, the governor himself clarified the scenario. Reagan had been given to a superb dwelling, Scott stated.

Reagan, the labrador retriever adopted by Gov. Rick Scott on the campagin path, in a picture posted to Fb in September 2010, first reported by the Tampa Bay Instances. Tampa Bay Instances

Burgess spent the following a number of years growing the concept for a conservative information web site to counteract what he noticed because the media’s “negative-by-default protection of the state’s most outstanding political and enterprise leaders.”

The positioning went stay in 2016.

It’s unclear from the data reviewed by the Herald when FPL’s consultants first acquired financially concerned with the Capitolist. A duplicate of what seems to be an inside ledger stored by Matrix paperwork the primary of a number of $25,000 funds from FPL as being forwarded on to the Capitolist as early as January 2018.

Contracts and incorporation paperwork present FPL advisor Abigail MacIver is the only real proprietor of Metis Group LLC, the shell firm that obtained cash from FPL earmarked for the Capitolist in 2018, an inside ledger from Matrix reveals. (McGrath, the FPL consultant, denied the veracity of the ledgers.)


MacIver additionally signed the acquisition choice settlement with the Capitolist on Sept. 20, 2019. Per the contract, Metis paid $50,000 for “government management” over operations and a 1% possession stake within the media firm with the choice to purchase a controlling curiosity for a set value — $195,000 — any time at some point of the 18-month contract.

“Abbie has recognized Brian [Burgess] personally and professionally for greater than a decade and was one of many earlier supporters of the Capitolist,” stated Collins, the consultant for MacIver along with different former Matrix workers. “She continues to encourage Brian, believes in what he’s doing and stays a trusted good friend and advisor to him.”

Collins declined to reply questions on MacIver’s work as a liaison between FPL and the Capitolist.

“She is not going to focus on any of the work she did at Matrix — by means of Metis or not — as that may be a violation of NDA/Confidentiality agreements,” he stated.

‘Not in our pocket’

The FPL consultants had been cautious to maintain their fingerprints off the Capitolist.

They registered the businesses concerned with the Capitolist beneath the names of people that weren’t formally employed by FPL to maintain the actions off the books of the publicly traded firm, data present.

Emails present they as soon as thought of itemizing an government of NextEra Power, FPL’s father or mother firm, because the proprietor on the incorporation paperwork for SUN Advertising & Promoting, an FPL-funded firm used to pay Fitzpatrick, the previous government working with the Capitolist. They listed Fitzpatrick as a substitute after their legal professional, Erika Alba, suggested in an e-mail that having a present government for the facility firm could possibly be a “potential subject.”

“This isn’t a authorized or tax subject,” Alba stated within the e-mail dated Sept. 18, 2019. “It is a matter of whether or not FPL desires to threat [SUN Marketing’s] property/liabilities displaying up on their steadiness sheet.”

Eric Silagy, president and CEO of Florida Energy & Gentle. MATIAS J. OCNER [email protected]

Emails present Burgess and the workforce of consultants typically mentioned the publication’s credibility and perceived independence because the operation’s true worth.

To that finish, MacIver weighed in to suggest a narrative pitched by Burgess on Could 5, 2020. It was about how some utilities had been gearing as much as shut off some Floridians’ energy through the starting of the pandemic over unpaid payments.

“Name me about this however my intestine is to let him do that story,” MacIver wrote when she forwarded Burgess’ pitch to Pitts, her boss at Matrix who served as the first contact with FPL.

“I feel it makes him seem like he’s not in our pocket and it isn’t dangerous for FPL, particularly if he highlights them as being a superb actor,” she wrote.

Every week later, the story ran with the headline “Floridians rack up an estimated $335 million in unpaid utility payments. What ought to we do?” Throughout the bullet factors of recommendation was a plug for an FPL initiative educating the general public on how one can cut back vitality consumption.


Burgess additionally acknowledged the important thing to their enterprise mannequin when he wrote MacIver an e-mail suggesting they discover funding to secretly purchase all the USA At the moment-affiliated papers in Florida after which “let many of the clown reporters go … and syndicate content material throughout your complete state.”

“We may even do it stealthily so we may inject content material into all these publications and no person has to know who’s really pulling the strings,” he prompt within the e-mail dated April 16, 2020.

Pitts forwarded Burgess’ thought to Silagy’s gmail account.

“FYI — That is simply to indicate you guys a number of the inside dialog,” Pitts wrote to the pinnacle of FPL, calling it a “good idea.”

There is no such thing as a additional communication within the paperwork and no indication the technique was significantly thought of.

With enthusiastic approval from FPL’s prime leaders, The Capitolist attacked the credibility of papers throughout the state, particularly once they had been crucial of FPL. It referenced “Pretend Information” as typically as potential, working headlines focusing on particular person reporters, accusing newspapers of unscrupulous funding buildings and suggesting there may be corruption at play.

A narrative from the Capitolist assaults environmentalists, the Miami Herald and Herald Tallahassee bureau chief Mary Ellen Klas, whose hard-hitting protection of FPL angered Eric Silagy, firm chairman. The article doesn’t disclose that FPL managed the content material of the Capitolist.

At Silagy’s urging, the Capitolist ceaselessly attacked the Herald, significantly Tallahassee bureau chief Mary Ellen Klas, whose hard-hitting protection of FPL has angered Silagy.

Klas was made the punchline to 1 story concerning the Herald’s father or mother firm submitting for chapter safety as a part of a company reorganization and one other mocking protection of a fundraiser for the Herald.

Calling it a “discipline day for the Capitolist,” the CEO emailed the Matrix workforce an thought for visuals: “Possibly a cartoon of MEK with a tin cup on the road nook could be good?!”

The Capitolist ran a picture in its e-newsletter of Klas’ face crudely photoshopped onto the physique of somebody holding a cardboard signal that learn, “Spare change for Pretend Information, Miami Herald reporter wants assist.”

The shadow editor

Secrecy was coverage on the Capitolist — a reality formally acknowledged as Silagy and his consultants at Matrix thought of shopping for a controlling curiosity within the media firm.

The foundations had been specified by an e-mail despatched to the workforce of consultants simply after 10 a.m. on the second to final Sunday in 2020 by Fitzpatrick, the previous VP and chief advertising and communications officer for the facility firm. The topic line started: “Confidential.”

Just a few months earlier than, Fitzpatrick had been tapped to function shadow editor for the Capitolist — tasked with turning the pugnacious, hard-right politics web site into a reputable, center-right publication that targeted on the nexus of politics and enterprise and constantly reached a number of the most influential folks in Tallahassee.

Fitzpatrick’s Dec. 20 e-mail contained a script for the way the Capitolist workforce ought to deal with potential media questions on sponsors (which had been to not be revealed) and whether or not the Capitolist was concerned in “pay to play” with its company backers (to which the scripted reply was “no” adopted by turning the identical query again on the reporter).

“We must always merely ignore some other questions,” Fitzpatrick wrote, “together with any questions on possession/administration construction.”


Whereas Silagy was stored knowledgeable of the general enterprise technique headed into 2021, inside communications present Fitzpatrick ran the day-to-day operations on the Capitolist.

“Brian [Burgess] will probably be looping me into every days’ (sic) plans for protection and sending me articles earlier than publication so I can remark as wanted,” Fitzpatrick defined in an e-mail shortly after he took the reins on Sept. 18, 2020.

Fitzpatrick didn’t reply to the Herald’s a number of makes an attempt to contact him, which included leaving a message along with his spouse.

As a VP of the facility firm greater than a decade earlier, Fitzpatrick had been Silagy’s proper hand, directing an “aggressive public training initiative” to help the president’s efforts throughout a livid battle over a proposed charge improve in 2010, based on a sequence of open letters by a bunch of nameless workers on the time.

The whistle-blowers accused Silagy and Fitzpatrick of holding a number of units of books and forcing workers within the communications division to “present false, deceptive, incomplete and incorrect info to our regulators and to others in authorities, to not point out the media, prospects and different stakeholders.”

The corporate launched an inside investigation however discovered nothing unlawful. Fitzpatrick left FPL in 2013 to take a job at a California utility.

The Capitolist was an more and more necessary useful resource for FPL, consultants working for the corporate famous in a 2021 technique report ready for Eric Silagy, president and CEO of the facility firm.

Since Fitzpatrick’s return from California and takeover of operations on the Capitolist in September 2020, the variety of headlines mentioning FPL and different energy-related subjects greater than doubled, based on an evaluation by the Miami Herald.

Articles began making newsletters and each day media roundups from R Road, Actual Clear Politics, and the Tampa Bay Instances. Articles had been shared by universities, retweeted by main political operatives, and cited within the footnotes of authorized journals and a current Florida Senate invoice.

A purchase order settlement

By the second half of 2020, the Capitolist had confirmed itself an more and more efficient software for FPL’s consultants, who wished to increase the operation.

“We’ve got the chance to proceed to extend its stature, credibility and affect with the state’s influencers and decision-makers,” declared a pitch deck labeled “SILAGYDISCUSSION.”

Attorneys drafted a contract that may permit FPL to buy a majority curiosity within the media firm by means of Imaginative and prescient Perception, the corporate created in 2020 by Matrix workers to function the Capitolist.

With Silagy’s approval, the consultants deliberate to finance the deal utilizing what remained of a $250,000 wire switch made the earlier 12 months by FPL to SUN Advertising — which up till that time had largely been used to pay Fitzpatrick, financial institution logs present.

It’s unclear from the paperwork offered to the Herald whether or not the deal was closed. The paper path dried up when the consultants left Matrix. However a number of the ultimate data within the leak prompt that negotiations continued by means of the summer time of 2021.

Burgess didn’t reply the Herald’s query about who at the moment owns the Capitolist.

McClatchy/Miami Herald knowledge fellow Court docket Cox contributed..

This story was initially revealed July 25, 2022 4:29 PM.

Sarah Blaskey is an award-winning investigative reporter for the Miami Herald and the info specialist for the investigations workforce. She is a co-author of “The Grifter’s Membership: Trump, Mar-a-Lago, and the Promoting of the Presidency” and holds a grasp’s diploma from the Columbia College Faculty of Journalism.

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